Sunday, August 1, 2010

Lesson 15





Contents:

         15.a Verbs and nouns
         15.b Adjectives and numbers
         15.c More verbs and nouns
         15.d Final practice

15.a: Verbs and nouns

Back to regular verbs, here are two more:

  • the root רדף [r.d.f] means 'to chase'
  • the root פתר [f.t.r] means 'to solve'

Today we'll learn the passive form of verbs. It's characterized by the נִ appearing ahead of the root, and certain changes in root vowels. Let's compare it with the active form we're used to:















דַן רוֹדֵף [dan rodef]
Dan chases (or - is chasing)
דַנַה רוֹדֵפֵת [dana rodefet]
Dana chases
דַן וֵלִיאוֹר רוֹדפִים [dan velior rodfim]
Dan and Lior chase
דַנַה וֵאוֹרנַה רוֹדפוֹת [dana veorna rodfot]
Dana and Orna chase

And in passive:














דַן נִרדַף [dan nirdaf]
Dan is chased (or - is being chased)
דַנַה נִרדֵפֵת [dana nirdefet]
Dana is chased
דַן וֵלִיאוֹר נִרדַפִים [dan velior nirdafim]
Dan and Lior are chased
דַנַה וֵאוֹרנַה נִרדַפוֹת [dana veorna nirdafot]
Dana and Orna are chased

And some new nouns:

מֵחִיר price
מַתַנַה gift
קוּפַה cash desk

Exercise – write the following in hebrew:

I'm (masc.) chasing after my dog; my dog is chased. אַנִי רוֹדֵף אַחרֵי הכֵלֵב שֵלִי. הַכֵלֵב שֵלִי נִרדַף
He's opening the door. The door is being opened. הוּא פוֹתֵחַ אֵת הַדֵלֵת. הַדֵלֵת נִפתַחַת
They (masc.) are checking the airplane. The airplane is being checked. הֵם בוֹדקִים אֵת הַמַטוֹס. הַמַטוֹס נִבדַק
What is heard? (typical israeli greeting) מַה נִשמַע?
The cash-desk is being closed every day. הַקוּפַה נִסגֵרֵת כל יוֹם
It's over (lit. - finished). זֵה נִגמַר
I bougt you (fem.) a gift. The gift is found in your room קַנִיתִי לַך מַתַנַה. הַמַתַנַה נִמצֵאת בֵחֵדֵר שֵלַך.

15.b Adjectives and numbers

Let's learn some more adjectives:

יַקַר expensive, dear
זוֹל cheap
שַווֵה worth, worthwhile
חַכַם smart,intelligent

We know to count until 100, so let's learn the word:

מֵאַה 100
מַאתַייִם 200
And it goes like this:
מֵאַה שלוֹשִים וֵאַחַת 131 (lit. hundred thirty and one)
מַאתַייִם אַרבַעִים וֵשלוֹש 243 (lit. two hundred fourty and three)
חַמֵש מֵאוֹת שִישִים 560 (lit. five hundred sixty)
שמוֹנֵה מֵאוֹת תִשעִים וֵשֵבַע 897 (lit. eight hundred ninety and seven)

Great, it's practice time:

How much costs the book, please? כַמַה עוֹלֵה הַסֵפֵר, בֵבַקַשַה?
He's worth 150 shekels. הוּא שַווֵה מֵאַה חַמִישִים שקַלִים
Oh, that's very expensive! אוֹ, זֵה מֵאוֹד יַקַר!
The green book, over there, is cheaper. הסֵפֵר הַיַרוֹק, שַם, יוֹתֵר זוֹל.
In a year there are 365 days. בֵשַנַה יֵש שלוֹש מֵאוֹת שִישִים וֵחַמִישַה יַמִים
She's a smart girl; she's always busy. הִיא יַלדַה חַכַמַה; הִיא תַמִיד עַסוּקַה

15.c More nouns and verbs

Some more verbs:

  • the root דרש [d.r.sh] means 'to demand, require'
  • the root שתק [sh.t.k] means 'to shut up, keep quiet'
  • the root קשר [k.sh.r] means 'to tie, attach'

And more nouns:

חַנוּת store
שַעוֹן watch (usually hand-watch)
שַׂקִית bag
קוּפסַא box

Exercise – write in hebrew, pronounce and compare to the recorded version:

In a store there are always many bags. בֵחַנוּת תַמִיד יֵש הַרבֵה שַׂקִיוֹת
My watch is quiet, not going (any)more. הַשַעוֹן שֵלִי שוֹתֵק, לא הוֹלֵך יוֹתֵר
There are 450 stores in tel-aviv. יֵש אַרבַע מֵאוֹת חַמִישִים חַנוּיוֹת בֵתֵל אַבִיב
When i (masc.) don't have something important to say, i keep quiet. כשֵאֵין לִי מַשֵהוּ חַשוּב לוֹמַר - אַנִי שוֹתֵק
Children, you're required to pick up all the bags in garden. יֵלַדִים, אַתֵם נִדרַשִים לֵאֵסוֹף אֵת כל הַשׂקִיוֹת בֵגַן
With every day he's more and more attached to his girlfriend. עִם כל יוֹם הוּא יוֹתֵר וֵיוֹתֵר נִקשַר לֵחַבֵרַה שֵלוֹ



15.d Sentences

All right, let's finish the lesson with several useful words:

לִפעַמִים sometimes
אַף פַעַם never
מַהֵר fast, rapidly
לֵאַט slowly

Final exercise of the day!! Translate the dialogues without writing, and listen:
Flying

- Good morning. I (fem.) want to buy a present, for my boyfriend. listen
- All right. How old is he? listen
- He's 27. listen
- Do you know what he likes? listen
But i think that he already has many. listen
- Do you want to buy him clothes? Maybe - a pair of trousers, or shoes? listen
- Noo, that's really not what i want.. listen
- Mmm.. maybe a watch? A watch is always nice for a man. listen
- Yes, watch is good. Here, i like this watch. listen
- It costs 230. listen
- It's a bit expensive.. All right, i take it. What's the price? listen
Do you have a nice little box? A black one? listen
- Yes, i'm sure there is. Please, the gift waits for you in cash-desk. listen
- Thank you! listen
And the hebrew text:

חנות מתנות:
- בוקר טוב. אני רוצה לקנות מתנה לחבר שלי.
- טוב. בן כמה הוא?
- הוא בן עשרים ושבע.
- את יודעת מה הוא אוהב?
- אני יודעת שהוא אוהב לקרוא ספרים ולראות סרטים.
אבל אני חושבת שיש לו כבר הרבה.
- את רוצה לקנות לו בגדים? אולי - זוג מכנסיים, או נעליים?
- לא, זה ממש לא מה שאני רוצה..
- ממ.. אולי שעון? שעון זה תמיד יפה לגבר.
- כן, שעון זה טוב. הנה, אני אוהבת את השעון הזה.
- הוא עולה מאתיים שלושים.
- זה קצת יקר.. טוב, אני לוקחת אותו. מה המחיר?
יש לך קופסא קטנה יפה? אחת שחורה?
- כן, אני בטוח שיש. בבקשה, המתנה מחכה לך בקופה.
- תודה לך!

28 comments:

  1. These lessons are incredible -- why did you stop?

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  2. why did you stop?please continue =(

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  3. you should go on! this is the best hebrew course online!

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  4. awesome blog. very helpful.
    תודה רבה אכי

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  5. you can still plug it into a street light base and beer-in-hand watch the Yankees with your friends out on the sidewalk on hot summer nights . Buy watches

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  6. Please continue! I love your lessons!

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  7. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  8. Hi I'm making Aliyah from the USA shortly and have been studying Hebrew before arriving in Israel...As I already have a good understanding of Hebrew,(I went through all 15 lessons in an hour)I was wondering if you were going to do an advanced level course??

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  9. Разработаны эффективные, высоко робастные методы и алгоритмы оптимизации, на основе которых создан комплекс программ, позволяющий решать практические задачи оптимизации
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  10. After reading over your introduction and your pedagogical approaches to language teaching I was very excited to begin this course and am sad to see that it was not completed. I will be going through the available material anyway, but I hope you'll continue even though it's been several years since the project was abandoned.

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    Replies
    1. I'm sure it entails a great effort to put together such awesome lessons. I have never come across any language program that uses such an easy approach in teaching. I really hope that they can finish what the had started.

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  11. You still need to show where the [o] comes from like in אֵיפה.

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  12. Thank you so much. Awesome, I went through all lessons and able to read the last exercise without punctuation!! I didn't' know anything about Hebrew, I can't believe my eyes, thank you!!

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  13. Hey guys! Since this blog is kinda dead, I tried to make at least this online course on Memrise, making lessons with the vocabulary and some drills using conjugated verb forms.
    Check it out, especially if you have trouble like me quickly remembering the vocab and conjugating verbs: http://www.memrise.com/course/375474/learn-hebrew-easily-blogspot-courses-vocab/

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  16. I am so grateful for the free and generous lessons truly BUT WHY is it when I find a good teacher they always seem to drop the ball and walk away before completing the course lessons. I have pulled my hair out in clumps searching for good Hebrew lessons online. It seems I will NEVER learn Hebrew and I desperately want to. Some of us are truly starving to learn Hebrew. I'm one of them. I LOVE ISRAEL. I LOVE THIS HOLY LANGUAGE. It brings me closer to the people of Israel and to HaShem. PLEASE continue the lessons if you are able to do so. Toda Raba!!!!!

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  17. At least an explanation of why the course was abandoned would be appreciated and the courteous thing to do. It's obvious many have basically begged for you to complete the lessons and include the audio where needed. Oh well, back to searching for more lessons like these. One day we'll learn Hebrew everyone.....don't give up. Someone out there will help us! Thanks for what you did here though. At least it was something wonderful while it lasted. Hope you're okay and that nothing bad has happened to you!

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  18. Thank you very much for your beautiful lessons. I have learned a lot so far. I do hope one day you will start again. Anyway, thanks a million.

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  19. I got afraid something bad might have happen to this generous person who gave as such an easy and pleasent start in Hebrew :/
    I wish all students good luck learning this language :)
    Kali :)

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