0.a: AlphabetHebrew alphabet consists of 22 consonants and 5 vowels. It is written right-to-left. Consonants are written in the standard sense of letters, along the writing line (there are no capital letters in hebrew!). Vowels, on the other hand, are written under the corresponding consonant (and pronounced after it). We will gradually cover all, today we start with the following consonants:
- ב - [b], as in 'about', and v, as in 'even'. Later we'll learn how to distinguish whenever it's either of the two.
- ג - [g], as in 'ago' (not as in 'age'!).
- ד - [d], as in 'dad'.
- נ - [n], as in 'now'.
And the following vowels ('ם'/'X' here represent any consonant):
- םִ - [i], as in 'ski' (a dot centrally beneath the consonant).
- םֵ - [e], as in 'men' (two horizontally aligned dots centrally beneath the consonant).
- םַ - [a], as in 'car' (an horizontal stroke centrally beneath the consonant).
All right, that was a lot to remember, let's see it in action - on fictional words, for the time being (click the audioplayer or the 'listen' tag to hear sound):
There's some more for practice (first try to read it, then click to hear):
And now listen and try to write down in hebrew. Having done that - click 'show' button to see the right answer:
Finally, write in hebrew the following words (and check the right answer):
There isn’t much to play with, but let’s learn the nouns:
Now it's time to introduce one of peculiarities of hebrew aphabet - a few consonants are written a bit differently when they appear at the end of a word. Of the consonants we learned today, one - "n" - has a final form:
- ן - [n] final.
By the way, all these were masculine nouns – we’ll get into that in our next lesson.